World AIDS Day on December 1 is used to unite people to fight against the deadly disease and show support for people who are living with HIV. HIV/AIDS remains one of the most prominent public health challenges faced but the world today despite major advances in health sciences. The member countries of United Nations agreed in September to fast track to end the epidemic by 2030.
Here are 5 facts about the deadly disease that you should know:
1. AIDS is number one cause of death among adolescents in Africa and the second among the adolescents of the world says USA Today. There are about 36.9 million people living with HIV in the world that includes among 2.6 million children. An estimated 2 million people were infected in 2014. Almost 34 million people have died from HIV or AIDS and about 1.2 million in 2014 alone.
2. The highest number of people with HIV infections live in the Sub-Saharan Africa with 70 % of the world infections occurring there. According to WHO there are estimated 24.7 million cases in the region as of 2013.
3. Although there is no cure for HIV infection however, effective anti-retroviral(ARV) drugs can control the virus and help prevent transmission. The average person living with HIV who gets treated as soon as they are diagnosed has a better chance at survival and live normal life span than a person who goes untreated. According to World AIDS Day website those people who undergo treatment and consistently take their ARVs are likely to reduce their infectiousness by 96 percent.
4. The would be parents or couples suffering from HIV can still have a healthy child according to World Aids Day website. According to BlackEnterprise the percentage of babies born with HIV to HIV infected mother or father is less than 1 percent.
5. There is a lot of discrimination faced by people who are HIV positive even though staying around HIV infected people doesn?t cause transmission. One in three people who are living with HIV/AIDS have faced some sort of discrimination. There are countless persons who are working despite their disease and diagnosis doesn?t cause them any sort of limitations in their jobs.